The major and most obvious benefit is economic gain. The Economic Benefits of Forests. Forests check the flow of surface water during rains and their root systems trap the rainwater and channel it into underwater streams. Thus, the forests check the occurrence of floods. If we ban cutting down rain forests, some countries may lose economically – Brazil, Indonesia e.t.c. India leads in production of shellac—a secretion of an insect that feeds on trees like palash, peepul, kusum, and banyan. Surprisingly, the input of nutrients comes from one of the driest places in the world: the North African Sahara desert. In his new book, "Rainforest: Dispatches From Earth’s Most Vital Frontlines," author and conservationist Tony Juniper argues that leaving rainforests intact offers more, not less, economic benefit — while helping to maintain the planet’s climate stability. The values that we're getting at the moment are important for the entire planet from the point of view of economic development, literally.”. "They are a very major exporter of coffee, of pineapples and bananas. Donate $100 or pledge $8.33/month to receive an invite to a virtual party with Marco Werman and The World team! Forests contribute to the livelihoods of 1.6 billion people worldwide. “And if you look at that country, between the 1980s and now, the forest cover has doubled. Deforestation changes weather patterns in non-beneficial ways. young rainforest plant saplings may have these to give them protection from the sunlight while their internal organs for photosynthesis are still developing ... -economic losses-medicinal benefits no of tourists decrease. For example, in the late 1970s, Malaysia imported weevils from Cameroon to pollinate oil-palm plantations, in 1981 saving $120 million in labor costs from hand pollination. Forests are like giant sponges, catching runoff rather than letting it roll across … The forest keeps producing fresh soil and the pest problem is contained to a large extent. In landmark decision, Denmark will phase out oil and gas by 2050. Tropical rainforests also act … Continued Recreational use of forests is estimated to contribute approximately $5.5 billion to the Wisconsin economy through travel-related and equipment expenditures. In Madhya Pradesh (Gwalior region) and Rajasthan (Sawai- Madhopur) comes khus khus grass, while sabai comes from the sub-Himalayan tracts. The major products include timber, pulp, charcoal wood, firewood, round wood and matchwood. Every person in the state benefits from the environmental and economic bounty the Maine forest provides: Environmental Benefits The forest environment includes both the non-living world of soil, water, and weather and the living forest inhabitants. It’s all direct benefits are accounted for forest resources, contribute around 2.9 percent to the adjusted Net Domestic Product for the country as a whole. Local people and the government itself must see financial returns to justify the costs of maintaining parks and forgoing revenue from economic activities within the boundaries of the protected area. This article is based on an interview that aired on PRI’s Living on Earth with Steve Curwood. Rainforests are treasures of biodiversity, and their ecosystems benefit the entire planet. Also, this water is absorbed by the plant anatomy and part of it gets evaporated to rejoin the atmospheric hydrological cycle. Among the indirect benefits, the most important is the capacity of forests to influence rain-producing mechanisms. PRX is a 501(c)(3) organization recognized by the IRS: #263347402. A study reveals that forests in India represent a huge resource in economic terms. That's what the science and indeed the good practice is now telling us.”. Forests and trees in urban areas provide many environmental and economic benefits that can lead to improved environmental quality and human health. The economic benefits of forests can be indirect or direct. So has the country's per capita GDP [gross domestic product]. By supplying us with timber, a renewable resource we use to make lumber, paper and heat, forests also support jobs for tens of thousands of Oregonians, especially in rural communities. In the case of the Amazon, Juniper notes, the rainforest is approaching a tipping point whereby so much forest will have been cleared that what is left will no longer function properly because the system has been degraded beyond the state that enables it to keep going. Forests make the micromate of an area more equable and moderate. So, in order for the forest to continue to function, nutrients need to come in from elsewhere.”. The carbon currently held in the world’s rainforests benefits the entire world economy, Juniper insists. How Do We Benefit From Our Forests? Forests are a wonderful playground and quiet outdoor retreat. Content Guidelines 2. Benefits of the Rainforest Rainforests are sometimes referred to as the “lungs of the planet.” They help absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen, stabilize the climate, provide a home for plants and animals, and are a source of a staggering amount of medicinal plants. Will evangelicals in Brazil fight to save the Amazon? … [W]hen that vapor goes up into the air on the warm rising air currents that are being driven by the sunshine, it gets up to high altitude, and when it [reaches] high altitude, it condenses and turns back into tiny water droplets because of the cooler conditions.”, When the vapor turns from a gas back into a liquid, it collapses in on itself, occupying a smaller space of atmosphere. Rainforest Alliance certification offers many benefits to your farm and to you as a farmer. “I think the more we understand about all of these things, the more we can see the interconnectedness of how this entire system is working,” Juniper says. 2. Tendu leaves, used in making bidi, are obtained from the forests of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Orissa, south-east Rajasthan, and Andhra Pradesh. Thank you for your support! Donate $100 or pledge $8.33/month to receive an invite to a virtual party with Marco Werman and The World team! When you support The World with a donation, you ensure our incredible newsroom staff can continue the critical work that brings you stories from around the globe. Forests also contribute directly to the nation’s economy by making available a number of useful products. Also, by reducing the velocity of air currents, they protect the adjoining fields against cold and dry winds and also provide cool shade to cattle, game, birds and humans. High demand of ecologically harvested forest products is vital for preservation measures to... 3. But the Western economic model tends to view them as most valuable when they’ve been logged, mined or turned into agricultural land. Satellite photographs show this dust plume traveling at high altitude across the Atlantic, and some of this material falls out over the Amazon, bringing with it, for example, phosphorus, an essential plant nutrient that helps the rainforest system function. These benefits include important economic outputs, such as the income and employment that is generated by forest industries, and the wider contribution that forests indirectly make to … Are the Amazon fires a crime against humanity? Habitat for animals Timber, an important produce, is largely derived from the forests of Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Karnataka, Uttarakhand, Assam and Jammu and Kashmir. "...if the decision-makers…think that economic development that involves the removal of the forest and its replacement with fields, farms, hydroelectric dams and mines is sustainable, then I would beg to differ.". Environmental benefits Show your support for The World today. Flying over the heart of the Amazon is like flying over an ocean of green: an expanse of trees broken only by rivers. This wood is used for many purposes like furniture, paper, building blocks, boats, and many other uncountable accessories are made by these rainforests. “So, if you want to have development into the future, keep and expand the forest. Rainforest: Dispatches From Earth’s Most Vital Frontlines. “[And] in areas of tropical rain forests that are on very ancient rocks, the nutrients were used up tens of thousands of years ago. In addition, rainforests create their own internal weather systems through a phenomenon called a "biotic" pump. “So the condensation is really a pump that's driving the air currents skywards. … Amazon fires push forest closer to a dangerous tipping point, Bolsonaro reignites decades-old fight over land between Indigenous people and farmers. Then you get these towering, great storm clouds over the forest, which are obviously creating vast amounts of rainfall, but they're also driving the circulation of the Earth’s atmosphere at a much bigger scale.”, “This great system is only now really just beginning to be appreciated, but it has huge implications for the entire world because [some of] the moist forests that run around the equator…are pushing out water that's traveling thousands of miles.” Juniper says. In a rainforest, nutrients “are being consumed in a voracious way because of the way the plant growth is so rapid and so lush,” Juniper says. We need just 471 more donors to make it! In the Sahara, there is a place called the Bodélé Depression where giant dust storms occur regularly, kicking up material into the atmosphere. It leads to increased levels of soil erosion. Trees are nature’s best air filters. The methods prescribed in our agriculture standard can help you maximize your farm’s healthy productivity and improve the quality of your crop. Our coverage never has been, and never will be, behind a paywall. Using this program, Brazil has slowed deforestation by 40% since 2008. Image Guidelines 4. More than 100 varieties of bamboo are found in India; bamboo occupies more than 100,000 sq km of the country’s forest area, according to the Planning Commission. In Mizo culture, bamboo has a special place. 8.3 How many people are employed in forestry? The level of employment in forestry is an indicator … Forests make the micromate of an area more equable and moderate. The study took many aspects into account. We use cookies to understand how you use our site and to improve your experience. The methods prescribed in our agriculture standard can help you maximize your farm’s healthy productivity and improve the quality of your crop. Rainforests are fundamental source of medicines. Also, if the agricultural fields are closer to the forests, there is a lesser chance for pests to grow in numbers because of the presence of a large number of predators. And this was through the realization, literally, by the finance ministry in that country 30 years ago, that the forest was worth more for the nation alive than dead.”. It looked at the financial benefits of sustainable industries in the Amazon, like rubber tree farming and Brazil nut farming. Prevent Soil erosion: Soil erosion is an everyday natural activity happening due to winds and floods. are also from forests. Plagiarism Prevention 5. Trends in forest-based recreation point toward an increasing economic benefit over the next decade. We need 471 more donors to reach our goal! A third way is nutrients. This factsheets outlines the wide-ranging and diverse benefits forests and woodlands provide to people in Britain. Carbon and water are two ways rainforests are connected to global climate and weather systems. The economic benefits of forests can be indirect or direct. Copyright 9. These trees are found in the Gangetic plains, and Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra and Assam are leading producers of Lac. (1) The greatest benefits are energy savings and higher property values. Bamboo grows in Assam, Karnataka, Kerala, and Mizoram, among other places. … How can we use the rainforest sustainably?-Central Amazon Conservation Complex It rewards people for keeping forests along with coffee growing and meat and milk production. Rainforests are sustainable reservoirs of wood and by products of wood. Why are rainforests important? Through our training tools, we provide support and guidance to help farmers adapt to climate change. Important medicinal herbs, such as belladonna, sarsaparilla, serpentine, aconite, etc. Without rainforests continually recycling huge quantities of water, feeding the rivers, lakes and irrigation systems, droughts would become more common, potentially leading to widespread famine and disease. The economic benefits of protecting a rainforest reserve outweigh the costs of preserving it, says University of Alberta research"”the first of its kind Finally, forest itself is the producer of new soil, for it is the decayed leaf litter which, over the centuries, becomes soil. The minor forest products include cane, bamboo, many types of grasses (sabai, elephant and bhabhar used for making paper; munj, kans, bansi, sarkanda used for house walls; and dhab, sukul, kak used for making thatch), fodder, tendu leaves, lac, resins, gums, tanning and dyeing material, etc. 1. By continuing to use our site, you accept our use of cookies and Privacy Policy. In his book, Juniper cites several success stories — places where sustaining the forest has led to economic and environmental benefits. Terms of Service 7. There is also an indirect economic role of the Amazon rainforest related to the environmental services provided, such as cooling the whole planet and balancing climatic aspects like rainfall and fresh water production (that also has an impact in the Atlantic Ocean fishery). Global co-operation. Through a mechanism called the biotic pump, rainforests are able to generate rain that falls back on them and can even influence faraway climates. Rainforest trees draw water from the forest floor and release it back in to the atmosphere in the form of swirling mists and clouds. In addition to helping to respond to climate change and protect soils and water, forests hold more than three-quarters of the world’s terrestrial biodiversity, provide many products and services that contribute to socio-economic development and are particularly important for hundreds of millions of people in rural areas, including many of the world’s poorest. This creates a vacuum that causes a “colossal, powerful updraft to come from beneath,” Juniper explains. Donate $100 or pledge $8.33/month to receive an invite to a virtual party with Marco Werman and The World team! Report a Violation 10. Account Disable 11. Disclaimer 8. Fruits, oils, nuts and other plant extracts like rubber and chocolate, when harvested in large... 2. When there are no longer trees available to anchor fertile … Content Filtration 6. “But if the decision-makers…think that economic development that involves the removal of the forest and its replacement with fields, farms, hydroelectric dams and mines is sustainable, then I would beg to differ.”, “It's really a question of what kind of economy we think can coexist with these ecosystems,” he continues, “because the Indigenous people have been there literally for thousands of years, and they've been sustaining their societies and their civilizations through an economic system that regards the forest as worth more alive than dead.”, Related: At UN, Bolsonaro's nationalist rhetoric clashes with Indigenous leaders. Across the Amazon, each day, some 20 billion tons of water are being evaporated into the atmosphere. The World is a public radio program that crosses borders and time zones to bring home the stories that matter. ", “This is particularly the case in relation to rainfall and the extent to which it will remain a wet forest after a certain level of clearance and fragmentation that causes [its] finely-poised hydrological system to break down in ways that cause it to turn into a savanna, or even into a grassland,” Juniper explains. The root systems of forests bind the soil together and thus check soil erosion. Economic research on biodiversity conservation has focused on the costs of conservation reserves and the benefits of intact ecosystems; however, no study has simultaneously considered the costs and benefits of species diversity, a fundamental component of biodiversity. (ii) They provide fodder for about 179 million cattle, 58 million buffaloes and 120 million other livestock. 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