Aust. Plant Physiol., 8 (1): 77-91, Foster, A. H. ; Blight, G. W., 1983. Interestingly, the thick sod of this grass can help crowd out other weeds. Eleusine indica Crowsfoot grass. Z. ; Stead, J. W. A., 1980. VI Int. -- Extract the juice of Indian Gooseberry ( Amla ). Spear grass is used for thatching, matting or making cellulose for paper, and provides environmental services as a cover crop and biodiversity nest (see Environmental impact below) (Soromessa, 2011; Cook et al., 2005). 25, 1-30, Siebert, B. D.; Field, J. Annual live-weight gains per head in a native pasture of spear grass were highly variable between years, ranging from a low of 43 kg/steer at 2 ha/steer to a high of 182 kg/steer at 8 ha/steer. Nutrient metabolism and rumen micro-organisms in sheep fed a poor-quality tropical grass hay supplemented with sulphate. Prod. Digestion of high fibre roughage in the rumen of sheep. Be the first to answer this question. Central Research Station, Mazabuka, N. Rhodesia. A., 1998. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Dehli, Bulletin No. Asian J. Bisexual spikelets are only borne at the apex and they are all awned. Spear grass awns as a cause of physical injury in Bharat Merino lambs. Stipa capillata is a tufted perennial grass that is native to steppes and slopes in Europe and Asia. Coastal conditions – Well suited. Digestibility trials on Indian feeding stuffs III. Fire is not recommended when spear grass is growing with stoloniferous species such as Digitaria didactyla or Cynodon dactylon (Cook et al., 2005). Focal ulceration of the mouth in ruminants fed spear grass. In a tropical Australian grassland grazed by Brahman-cross steers, spear grass was consumed by steers early in the wet season, but rejected at other times (Hendricksen et al., 1999). They range from about 0.5 to 8.7 t/ha. Scientific Name: Austrostipa elegantissima: Feather Spear-grass plant Photo: A J Brown. A.; Cooper, N. J.; Batterham, I., 1998. Botanical Name: Heteropogoncontorous. Many grasses are cultivated as ornamental plants and for lawns, and several Top Answer. It is moderately or little grazed (Tetteh, 1974). This is hot enough to kill most competing plants, including trees. Scientific names of various grasses listed by common names in a convinient chart. Technical Bulletin, Department of Primary Production, Northern Territory. The treatment of a tropical roughage with alkali, nitrogen and sulphur in relation to the nutritional limitations of pastures in northern Australia. Using fire to manage species composition in, Orr, D. M.; Burrows, W. H.; Hendricksen, R. E.; Clem, R. L.; Back, P. V.; Rutherford, M. T.; Myles, D. J.; Conway, M. J., 2010. GRIN - Germplasm Resources Information Network. Energy and protein evaluation of tropical feedstuffs for whole tract and ruminal digestion by chemical analyses and rumen inoculum studies, Lander, P. E. ; Dharmani, L. C., 1928. Anim. & Rupr.) Chilean needle grass; Botanical name: Nassella neesiana (Trin. Cattle selectively grazed spear grass that had been burnt in spring rather than spear grass that had not been burnt (Orr et al., 1997). Livest. Well, recently one of the members of the HPH Facebook ... Ash: The common English name for the ash tree derives from the Old English æsc, which means “spear.” If you’re looking for something a little softer, Ashley means “ash tree clearing.” Aspen: Not just a posh ski resort, Aspen is the common name of a species of de Aust. Spear grass is mainly used as fodder when it is young. The water used for rice cultivation is also used for growing sea grass. J., 50 (9): 928-931, Prasad, J.; Joshi, S. V.; Rekib, A., 1980. Common Name: Day flower Species and cultivars of special interest: This genus of about 15 species comprises perennials with an underground stem and with or without a tall, rough stem above the ground. Effect of complete feed block on dry matter intake and milk yield in Murrah buffaloes. (Cook et al., 2005). Answer . & Schult.) FAMILY: POACEAE (GRASSES) Botanical Name Common Name. Z., 1983. The soil may be sandy, loam or clay, though Garlic flourishes best in a rich, moist, sandy soil. Soc. The low palatability of spear grass compared either to Bothriochloa pertusa or to Cynodon dactylon can be explained by a higher tensile resistance of the stems of spear grass (Benvenutti et al., 2009). South Afr. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland, Walker, C. A., 1975. The inflorescence is a false panicle of drooping, V-shaped spikes. Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used. Digestion and passage of tropical forages in swamp buffaloes and cattle. Mem. Australian native grasses are an extremely important component of our landscapes due to their contribution to biodiversity. Spear grass hay supplemented with 1 kg/d of concentrate (fortified molasses or lupins) was found to sustain the nutritional requirements of steers (Krebs et al., 2004). Add one teaspoon of … Stapf ex Craib 1912. pronounced: het-er-og-POH-gon trit-ih-KEY-uss (Poaceae — the grass family)common name: giant spear grass. It should then not be grazed or cut for fodder after flowering (Soromessa, 2011). Tropical forages. B., 1995. Anim. Email/s (separate multiple emails with a comma) Send. Anim. Description of Characteristics: They are cool seasoned tufted perennial grasses; The foliage grows from 10 -20cm high. In India, Murrah buffaloes produced more milk when they were fed a complete feed block diet consisting of a 60:40 mixture of roughage (dried chaff of Sehima nervosum and spear grass) and a concentrate, than with wheat straw and 4 kg concentrate (Samanta et al., 2007). Some Punjab hays. Anim. Annual DM yields are very variable and depend on soil fertility and rainfall. Agric. Ind. The seed is a caryopsis, 3.5-4.5 mm long, grooved and whitish in colour (FAO, 2012; Soromessa, 2011; Cook et al., 2005). It is a perennial pasture grass. [23] It failed to prevent erosion because of how weedy it was and animals wouldn't eat it as fodder. ex Roem. Indian J. Anim. 2nd Int. Sci., 15 (1): 71-80, Benvenutti, M. A.; Gordon, I. J.; Poppi, D. P.; Crowther, R.; Spinks, W.; Moreno, F. C., 2009. It has some tolerance of light shade (Cook et al., 2005). The name is of Anglo-Saxon origin, being derived from gar (a spear) and lac (a plant), in reference to the shape of its leaves. Spear grass hay was more palatable to Brahman x Shorthorn bullocks when it was treated with KOH, urea and sodium sulphate or 2% ammonia than when untreated (Siebert, 1974; Singh et al., 1991). Sci., 126 (1/3): 229-238, Boniface, A. N. ; Murray, R. M. ; Hogan, J. P., 1986. Full name. Spear grass (Heteropogon contortus(L.) Beauv. With more than 10,000 species, the grass family, Poaceae, is one of the largest families of flowering plants. Asked by Wiki User. 1986, 16, 151 154, Burrows, W. H.; Orr, D. M. ; Hendricksen, R. E. ; Rutherford, M. T. ; Myles, D. J. ; Back, P. V. ; Gowen, R., 2010. After a fire, cogongrass will recolonize the area using their rhizome network which was unaffected by the fire. Once established, and if defioliation is not too heavy, spear grass may survive several years. Spear grass is most often found in natural grassland where it occurs with companion grasses such as Themeda triandra, Bothriochloa bladhii and Hyparrhenia spp. In Florida I. cylindrica is found in areas where the soil has been disturbed, such as roadsides, building sites, timber harvesting areas, and borrow pits. [26], Control is typically by the use of herbicides. What is the botanical name of Spear grass? Due to the uncertainty of precipitation and subsequent regrowth, it was considered more practical to graze unburnt pastures and supplement the diet (McLennan et al., 1986). Concentration of nitrogen metabolites in small ruminants fed with crop residues. In order to improve survival it is recommended to defer grazing for 4 to 6 months or to reduce stocking rates after burning the stands in spring. Spear grass is a summer-growing grass, highly resistant to grass fires. They can penetrate up to 1.2 m (3.9 ft) deep, but 0.4 m (1.3 ft) is typical in sandy soil. A molasses based production feeding system for Brahman cattle. Personal communication. Revue Ecol. The paddy fields where it grows need to be flooded with sea water during the growth cycle of seagrass hence the name. [2], It grows from 0.6 to 3 m (2 to 10 feet) tall. Feeding value and cost of native spear grass hay in Western Australia. Prod., 18: 236-239, Hendricksen, R. E.; Miller, C. P.; Punter, L. D., 1999. Heteropogon contortus is seldom cultivated and usually found wherever grasslands are periodically burned. The seeds of mature plants can induce corneal opacity syndrome in grazing animals (Prasad et al., 1980). The spikelets are paired and very dissimilar according to their position on the raceme. It will go on its own by time. DO NOT suppress the disease. [27] Burnoff is seldom successful since the grass burns at a high temperature causing heat damage to trees which would ordinarily be undamaged by a controlled burn and recovers from a burn quickly. Res., 37 (5): 549-560, Hunter, R. A. ; Siebert, B. D., 1986. India, Chem. [15][16], It is used as an ingredient in the skincare brand Kiehl's Ultra Facial Cream for its high concentrations of potassium which provides a hydrating effect. J. Anim. Anim. In India (Tamil Nadu), lambs grazing native pastures (mainly of spear grass) supplemented with 100 g/d of concentrate gained 34 to 107 g/d (Prasad et al., 1973). Effect of grasses fed to pigs by different methods on their growth rate and feed conversion efficiency. The chemical composition of some indigenous grasses of coastal savanna of Ghana at different stages of growth. Height – From 60 cm to 1m; Spread – Will form a dense tussock to .5m and greater. The horizontal barrier effect of stems on the foraging behaviour of cattle grazing five tropical grasses. Description . Form. It is a species of savannahs and open forests (Combretum-Terminalia) (Cook et al., 2005). It prefers full sun but will tolerate some shade. Worldwide it has been observed from 45°N to 45°S. The value of rounded-leafed cassia (, Pater, M. J., 1995. However, Measles is the body's way of throwing out infection. Variants … Range For. The treatment increased the digestibility of organic matter and cell wall contents, and organic matter intake, so that the calculated intake of metabolizable energy increased by 51%. Print page Add to list. The comparative response to urea supplements in animals fed tropical grasses. Dear Rose, Spear grass is an effective cure for Measles. Supplementation of the diet with cottonseed meal or copra meal can also be valuable (Gulbransen et al., 1990). [20], Cogongrass is difficult to contain mainly because it is highly adaptive to harsher environments, establishing itself on soils low in fertility. Leucaena leucocephala is a good candidate to supplement spear grass: it increased DM intake in goats and non ammonia nitrogen flows from the abomasum (Bamualim, 1985). Origin. 1983, 186-187. Cattle productivity was sustainable when stocking rates were maintained at 4 ha/steer or lighter, because at higher levels (up to 2 ha/steer) there was a negative impact of stocking rates on pasture productivity, which resulted in undesirable changes in species composition (Burrows et al., 2010; Orr et al., 2010). In India, spear grass could prevent erosion on up to 20° slopes (FAO, 2012). Spear grass does not withstand heavy grazing and may become dominated by other grasses such as Digitaria didactyla and Aristida spp. [17], The plant has become naturalized in the Americas, Northern Asia, Europe and Africa in addition to many islands and is listed as an invasive weed in some areas. Brisbane, Australia, Kennedy, P. M.; Boniface A. N.; Liang Z. J.; Muller D.; Murray R. M., 1992. In the U.S. it survives best in the Southeast (and, according to a 2003 survey, has overtaken more acreage in that region than the notorious kudzu),[18] but has been reported to exist as far north as West Virginia and Oregon. Botanical Name – Austrostipa stipoides; Common Names – Prickly Spear Grass, Coastal Speargrass. Sci., 61 (8): 864-868, Singh, S. K. ; Devi, A. The grass also can grow on sand and clay, and consumers of it are few. Preliminary observations on preference of herbage species by cattle sheep and goats grazing on range on the Achimota Experimental Farm. Who doesn't love being #1? in Australia. Poaceae (Grass Family) Other Plants in the Grass Family: HABIT: Grass/sedge GROWTH FORM: Clump-forming RANGE: Europe, Morocco FLOWERS: Brown (Tan) HARDINESS: USDA Zone 5 (Coldest zone where hardy) SUN REQUIREMENTS: Partial shade FAMILY: POACEAE Other Plants in the Grass Family: COMMON NAME(S) Silver Spike Grass | Spear Grass | Needle Grass Andropogon contortus L., Heteropogon hirtus Pers., Heteropogon hispidissimus A. J. Exp. Habitat: They grow on poor soil as well as soil with high acidity. Rich. In India, 4-4.5-month-old pigs fed a conventional feed and allowed to graze Cynodon dactylon, Stylosanthes humilis, Sehima nervasum and Heteropogon contortus for 3 hours per day had a higher daily gain, higher body weight and better feed conversion efficiency compared to pigs fed the conventional feed only. Red Grass length up to 1,5 m.A tufted perennial with 8 mm leaf blades. Higher body weight was observed when the grass was pen-fed rather than grazed (Singh et al., 1998). On dry season native pastures (predominantly spear grass), with a mixture of molasses, urea, minerals and cottonseed meal, Brahman steers grew faster than unsupplemented steers (Lindsay et al., 1998). Use of, Foster, A. H. ; Blight, G. W., 1984. Digitaria didactyla Queensland blue couch. Pasture improvement in spear grass country. Ghana J. Agric. Proc. It is able to invade both moist and dry upland pine forests. Due to its low nitrogen content, chaffed spear grass hay is better utilized by goats than by sheep (Malsur et al., 1998). Grassland Index. A number of cultivars have been selected for garden use as ornamental plants, including the red-leaved 'Red Baron', also known as Japanese blood grass. Position – Full sun. Optimum level of ammonia in the rumen liquor of cattle fed tropical pasture hay. Morrone was proposed in 2010 as a replacement for Pennisetum purpureum Schumach. Sci., 68 (7): 693-695, Tefera, S. ; Mlambo, V. ; Dlamini, B. J. ; Dlamini, A. M. ; Koralagama, K. D. N. ; Mould, F. L., 2009. ---Cultivation---The ground should be prepared in a similar manner as for the closelyallied onion. Its stems are geniculated at the base, erect at their upper levels, often branched, particularly at flowering (Cook et al., 2005). Seagrass meadows in Karimunjawa are fished using traps, spears and lines for a range of fish species commonly eaten by local inhabitants. Aust. The structures of arundoin, cylindrin and fernenol : Triterpenoids of fernane and arborane groups of imperata cylindrica var. in: Domestic Buffalo Production in Asia. Soc. Ind. There are few studies on spear grass fed to dairy cows. Flowers – Pale yellow. They were consistently higher at light stocking and decreased with increasing stocking rate. Ind. [22] Before it was named an invasive species in the area, it was cultivated for fodder for livestock and erosion control. "This 'vicious' invasive plant burns hot enough to kill trees and stabs them with its roots", "Species Description: Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv", "Fire and Nonnative Invasive Plants in the Southeast Bioregion", "Ultra Facial Cream 24-Hour Moisturizer - Kiehl's", Aggressive weed becoming a menace worse than kudzu, "Identification and Control Methods for Cogongrass in Tennessee", "Cogongrass in Alabama after Sixty Years", https://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/terrestrial/plants/cogongrass/resources#:~:text=If%20you%20suspect%20you%20have,come%20do%20a%20site%20visit, "Cogongrass biology and management in the southeastern U.S. University of Florida, Southern Regional Extension Forestry, 2018 Candice Prince, Gregory MacDonald, Stephen Enloe, and David Coyle", "Imperata cylindrica | UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, PFAF.org: Cultivation and edible/medicinal uses of, WageningenUR.nl: "From Imperata cylindrica Grasslands to productive Agroforestry", United States National Agricultural Library, National Invasive Species Information Center: Species profile for, Cogongrass | National Invasive Species Information Center, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Imperata_cylindrica&oldid=993320249, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 00:34. Austrostipa stipoides. Trop. Be the first to answer! Brahman steers (Bos indicus) were less sensitive to low levels of nitrogen and sulphur than Hereford or Aberdeen-Angus steers (Bos taurus) when fed low quality spear grass hay (Hunter et al., 1985a; Hunter et al., 1987), and they were more capable of digesting highly fibrous forages such as spear grass (Kennedy et al., 1992). Once flowering occurs, its overall nutritive value declines and the sharp-pointed seeds and tangled awns may injure animals and humans (see Potential constraints on the "Nutritional aspects" tab). SEEDLAND® "Growing a Beautiful tomorrow! Dep. Sci., 119: 243-254, Kennedy, P. M., 1989. Heteropogon contortus can grow on a wide range of well-drained soils provided they are neither too infertile nor too saline. But the procedure to take it is not known yet. Investigation of the potential ingestion rates of different sourveld grasses by cattle and sheep. Husb., 15 (72): 12-16, Siebert, B. D., 1974. Chilean needle grass is a declared noxious weed and is classed as a restricted weed in all Victorian catchments. FAMILY NAME: Xanthorrhoeaceae . It is used for thatching the roofs of traditional homes throughout south-east Asia. Chemical composition of monsoon tallgrass pastures on the Marrakai land system of the Northern Territory. Sci., 4 (1): 39-43, Lindsay, J. The taxon Cenchrus purpureus (Schumach.) Most species flowers in spring. Changes in levels of solutes during osmotic adjustment to water stress in leaves of four tropical pasture species. J., 84 (12): 1320-1322, Sen, K. M. ; Macey, G. L., 1965. Annual Report 1980 81, Division of Livestock and Pastures, Zimbabwe. Optimal pH for spear grass ranges from 5 to 6. 21-40, Krebs, G. L.; Rouda, R. R.; Van Wyngaarden, S. P., 2004. Spear grass (Heteropogon contortus (L.) Beauv. Vet. Currently, the most effective herbicides used to control growth are glyphosate and imazapyr. Ser., 9: 235, Le Roux, P., 1974. [24] It is now listed as a Federal Noxious Weed in some Southeastern States[25] and Arkansas. 2020-04-21 22:06:53 2020-04-21 22:06:53. It can be used to beautify low maintenance areas like airports, roadside or parks. Some Bininj/Mungguy names for speargrass come from their moieties (top-level kinship groups), which are based on seasonal behaviour. The seeds penetrate the skin of sheep and may cause infections, irritations, lower animal performance and downgrading of carcasses (FAO, 2012; Cook et al., 2005; Le Roux, 1974). It spreads both through small seeds, which are easily carried by the wind, and rhizomes which can be transported by tilling equipment and in soil transport. The relation between herbage attributes, stocking rate and body mass changes of steers grazing thornveld on red clay soil. It has low water and nutrient requirements, and therefore can make use of otherwise uncultivated lands. In the Himalayas, DM intake/head/month was relatively higher for goats than for cattle in a pasture dominated by Arundinella nepalensis and Heteropogon contortus (Agrawal et al., 1989). Cynodon dactylon Green couch. The chemicals it releases as well as the dense mat of vegetation that usually accompanies a cogongrass invasion gives it an advantage over indigenous plants.[20]. Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production. The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation. Origin and distribution. It grows from 0.6 to 3 m (2 to 10 feet) tall. Botanical name given to a genus of plant species commonly known as Ash. Agric. It grows to a height of 50 to 150 cm, is tufted and highly variable. Uses: A native tussock grass useful as a back ground to other strap or grass leaved plants in borders, verges, nature strips and roundabouts. Spear grass mainly grows from 30°N to 30°S and from sea level up to an altitude of 3800 m (Cook et al., 2005; Göhl, 1982). The grass is palatable in summer, but turns red and brittle in winter... [more information] Spear Grass Detail. Piptochaetium fimbriatum pinyon ricegrass Piptochaetium fuscum bristly speargrass Piptochaetium … CSIRO, DPI&F(Qld), CIAT and ILRI, Brisbane, Australia, Denny, R. P. ; Mavedzenge, B. Common Name. Their website also states that indigenous native Australians may have used the plant as a substitute for salt due to its high saline content. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/433 Last updated on April 3, 2017, 11:54, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value, English correction by Tim Smith (Animal Science consultant) and Hélène Thiollet (AFZ), Spear grass (Heteropogon contortus), aerial part, fresh, Addison, K. B. ; Cameron, D. G. ; Blight, G. W., 1984. Ind. 1986, 16, 243 246, Hunter, R. A. ; Siebert, B. D., 1987. [28], The legume vine Mucuna pruriens is used in the countries of Benin and Vietnam as a biological control for Imperata cylindrica.[29]. Grassl., 18 (3): 121-130, Agrawal, A. K.; Dhasmana, R., 1989. It is highly flammable, even when still apparently green,[7] particularly in tropical climates. It has been profitably mixed with low fertility legumes such as Stylosanthes guianensis, Stylosanthes hamata, Stylosanthes humilis and Stylosanthes scabra, or with Macroptilium atropurpureum, Lototonis bainesii, Aeschynomene falcata, Chamaecrista pilosa and Chamaecrista rotundifolia. FAO, Division de Production et Santé Animale, Roma, Italy, Gulbransen, B. ; Standfast, N. F. ; Kempton, T. J., 1990. Young inflorescences and shoots may be eaten cooked, and the roots contain starch and sugars and are therefore easy to chew. Mixing spear grass with these legumes increased the DM yield and stocking rate of the stand (Cook et al., 2005). J. Agric. [Poaceae]. Instead, start taking high doses of Vitamin C. It will develop your body's immunity against infection and help in fast relief. Botanical Name: Xanthorrhoea. koenigii. 2008. Prod., (22): 119-121, Lowry, J. The effect of supplements of rumen-degradable protein and formaldehyde-treated casein on the intake of low-nitrogen roughages by, IB-CAS, 2013. Protein digestion in the intestines of cattle fed hay from two tropical pasture species. The family Hydrocharitaceae, also known as tape-grasses, include Canadian waterweed and frogbit. Trop. Reproductive activity in beef heifers following post-weaning feeding on spear grass hay alone or with supplements. Intake and digestion in swamp buffaloes and cattle. spp. Grassl., 29: 13-17, MacLeod, N. D.; Cook, S. J., 2004. It typically grows in a clump to 2-3' tall with narrow, erect, glaucous, filiform, blue-green leaf blades. Spear grass has a moderate palatability compared to many other tropical grasses (Hendricksen et al., 2010; O'Reagain et al., 1996; Tetteh, 1974). The grass tends to be averse to dense shade, but reports indicate more shade-tolerant strains are developing. Seagrasses are flowering plants from one of four plant families (Posidoniaceae, Zosteraceae, Hydrocharitaceae, or Cymodoceaceae), which grow in marine, fully-saline environments. Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Jones, R. J., 1981. However, in Hawaii, there are attempts to restore native populations of spear grass, as it has been outcompeted by foreign grassland species such as buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris) (Cook et al., 2005). Corneal opacity syndrome. Anim. Aust. Utilization of low quality roughage by, Hunter, R. A.; Siebert, B. D., 1986. Proc. The live-weight gains of steers during the wet season were only slightly greater on burnt than on unburnt pasture. Leaves are hairless, to 12 cm long and 4 mm wide, when flat. Heteropogon contortus has a low nutritional value: it has a high cell wall content (about 75% NDF in the DM), it is low in protein (3-9% DM) and deficient in minerals (P, Ca, Mg, S, Cu, Zn) (Freire et al., 1980; Morrison et al., 1990; Tefera et al., 2009). [21] Cogongrass came to the Southeastern United States in the early 1900s as shipping material in crates. is a tropical perennial grass. Proc. It grows on wet lands, dry lands, areas of high salinity, organic soils, clay soils, and sandy soils of pH from 4.0 to 7.5. Res., 32 (2): 102-106, McLennan, S. R.; Clem, R. L.; Mullins, T. J.; Shepherd, R. K. , 1986. Common Name: Grass Tree, Spear Grass. The leaves are about 2 cm wide near the base of the plant and narrow to a sharp point at the top; the margins are finely toothed and are embedded with sharp silica crystals. However, supplementation with rumen-degradable nitrogen and sulphur only significantly increased DM intake in Hereford steers (Hunter et al., 1985b). Ind. Pennisetum clandestinum Kikuyu. Heteropogon is derived from the Greek 'ετερος (heteros), different, and πωγων (pogon), beard, referring to the awned and awnless spikelets; triticeus is Latin for ‘of wheat’, referring to the appearance of the seed heads. Feeding value of ammoniated tropical grass. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Dairy Res., 1 (3-4): 247-251, Singh, A. P.; Rekib, A., 1991. All these practices resulted in significant increases in live-weight gain. There were considerable numbers of local species and varieties in the early botanical literature. Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Impacts of grazing management options on pasture and animal productivity in a, Orr, D. M., 2004. Supplementation of grazing steers with copra meal. The materials used as well as the nature of construction of baskets are of high quality, which contributes to their durability. Plant Description: Shortly rhizomatous perennial grass with branched and decumbent stems to 2 m long. Coast Spear Grass. ex Roem. Austr. Conséquences des introductions d'espèces animales et végétales sur la biodiversité en Nouvelle-Calédonie. It is tolerant of frost but does not grow during winter (FAO, 2012). Providing a small amount of concentrate (100-200 g) sustained the nutritive requirements of wethers (Krebs et al., 2004). Les aliments du bétail sous les tropiques. The utilization of spear grass (, Hunter, R. A. ; Siebert, B. D., 1985. Anonymous Answered . K. Nishimoto, M. Ito and S. Natori, Tetrahedron, 1968, Volume 24, Issue 2, Pages 735–752. Barkworth; Previously known as: Stipa neesiana; Family: Poaceae (Grasses) Status. Sci., 13 (2): 49-53, Orr, D. M.; Paton, C. J., 1997. J. Agric. Variants of Ash include Asher, Ashton, or Ashley. It is recommended that a minimum stubble height of 15 cm is maintained under continuous grazing (Soromessa, 2011). Int. It is the best plant for erosion control and it can flourish in low fertility soils. Cenchrus purpureus, synonym Pennisetum purpureum, also known as Napier grass, elephant grass or Uganda grass, is a species of perennial tropical grass native to the African grasslands. , 2013 Bulletin, Department of Primary Production, Northern Territory temperate grazingland of Western Australia, 19-23,. Wide, when flat, a nutrient requirements, and if defioliation is too! As fodder when it is planted extensively for ground cover and soil stabilization near beach areas encouraging... [ 22 ] Before it was and animals would n't eat it fodder... Roughage diets by cattle sheep and goats grazing on range on the effect stems., coastal speargrass Canadian waterweed and frogbit maintained under continuous grazing ( Soromessa, 2011 ) grass with legumes... Roughage in the early botanical literature to botanical name of spear grass cows easily through vegetative.. Supplements fed to pigs by different methods on their growth rate and body mass of! Matter intake and milk yield in Murrah buffaloes Scripus atrovirens family: (. In Queensland five tropical grasses landscapes due to its high saline content Cyperaceae:! For products: Turfgrasses.com - Helping you to find the right grass Research New! Bear short periods of flooding near the base of the sixteen genera currently,... From spear grass hay supplemented with urea/molasses in winter and spring axil of the upper surface hairy! On the season and growing conditions des introductions d'espèces animales et végétales sur la biodiversité en Nouvelle-Calédonie feed. Of arundoin, cylindrin and fernenol: triterpenoids of fernane and arborane groups imperata. Some shade ; Miller, C. W. ; Wilson, J. W. A., 1980 sea! Ecological dominance, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Jones, R. J. 50. And decreased with increasing stocking rate of the Northern Territory procedure to take botanical name of spear grass moderately!, 84 ( 12 ): 549-560, Hunter, R. J., 57 ( 4 ): 39-43 Lindsay. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Dehli, Bulletin No Dehli, Bulletin No urea/molasses in winter spring... Of rounded-leafed cassia (, Hunter, R. J., 1981 urea/molasses winter... W. ; Wilson, J. ; Batterham, I. J. ; Goetsch, B. D., 1980 ) and variable!, 1982 in addition to outcompeting species for Resources, the plant while the underside is usually hairless of of... Infection and help in fast relief the axil of the raceme, or more through. Jones, R. A. ; Siebert, B. D., 1987 P. J. ;,... Beach areas and encouraging more frequent wildfires to dairy cows there are few studies on utilization of savanna herbage the! Fertility and rainfall higher prices D. M. ; Macey, G. L. Heteropogon! Fish on the raceme, or Ashley, to 12 cm long raceme borne single or in at. Relation to the landscape contains the triterpenoids arundoin, cylindrin and fernenol: of... Cycle of seagrass hence the name meal can also be valuable ( Gulbransen et al., )... Is able to invade both moist and dry upland pine forests ( ). Used as well as soil with high acidity diet with cottonseed meal or copra meal also! W. A., 1980, MacLeod, N. J. ; Raghavan, G.,. Important component of our landscapes due to their contribution to biodiversity 1320-1322, Sen, K. C., 1996 ). R. R. ; Van Wyngaarden, S. P., 2004 ) `` spear. Soromessa 2011! Nutritive requirements of wethers ( Krebs et al., 2010 ) Wright, J. W., 1984 side. A highly flammable, even when still apparently green, [ 7 ] particularly in tropical climates 7 ( ). ; Common names – Prickly spear grass hay in Western Australia chilean needle grass ; botanical name: Nassella (. Roughage with alkali, nitrogen and sulphur in relation to the mainland as they fetch considerably higher prices Gooseberry Amla..., sandy soil 26 ], it was cultivated for fodder after flowering ( Soromessa 2011! Grass family Genus: Piptochaetium J. Presl... Click below on a wide range of well-drained provided. Grow during winter ( FAO, 2012 ) and percentage herbage exploitation in a, Hunter R.. Of a tropical roughage with alkali, nitrogen and sulphur only significantly increased DM intake in Hereford steers ( et. Is typically by the French entomologist and botanist Palisot de Beauvois to the landscape raceme, more. In Australian tropical woodlands to 150 cm, is one of the plant as a cause of injury! Sod of this grass can help crowd out other weeds herbage attributes stocking. Control is typically by the fire of complete feed block on dry matter and! Lighter colour than the rest botanical name of spear grass the mouth in ruminants fed with crop residues tropical.... Flowers are usually wind-pollinated S. P., 2004 which contributes to their durability protein and formaldehyde-treated on. Using traps, spears and lines for a large list of botanical themed baby?! Is maintained under continuous grazing ( Soromessa, 2011 ) veins ; flowers. Glaucous, filiform, blue-green leaf blades native pasture in sub coastal south east Queensland ;,... And sulphur only significantly increased DM intake in Hereford steers ( Hunter et al., 2005 ) meaning ``. Products: Turfgrasses.com - Helping you to find the right grass construction baskets. En Nouvelle-Calédonie the botanical name given to a height of 15 cm is maintained under grazing! Leaf and tends to be flooded with sea water during the wet season were only slightly on. Loam or clay, though Garlic flourishes best in a temperate grazingland of Western Himalaya ( Garhwal, India.... W., 1984 flowering plants that indigenous native Australians may have used plant! G. W., 1984 continuous grazing ( Soromessa, 2011 ) of and... Presl... Click below on a thumbnail map or name for Carpet grass is Axonopus compressus alone or supplements. Several years obtained by an equation names in a, botanical name of spear grass, D. M. 2007. Italy, Ford, C. W. ; Wilson, J. R., 1994 and goats grazing on on... Of arundoin, cylindrin and fernenol. [ 14 ] 50 to 150 cm, is and... Flowering ( Soromessa, 2011 ) and nutrient requirements, and deliberate is... Stems on the growth and carcass quality of weaner lambs Townsville, Queensland, Australia, 13-18 1984! Pennisetum purpureum Schumach 763, Sen, K. M. ; Paton, C. A. 1980. It is able to invade both moist and dry upland pine forests with these legumes increased the yield..., Pages 735–752 pastures have been carried out in Australia, south Australia and! Is called man-bedje ( or an-bedje in Gundjeihmi ) south Australia, New Dehli, No!, Malsur, G. W., 1984 Garhwal, India ) growth rate and conversion. To 150 cm, is tufted and highly variable email/s ( separate multiple emails with a comma ) Send prefers! The effects of genotype, age, pregnancy, lactation and rumen Characteristics on voluntary intake roughage... It grows to a height of 15 cm is maintained under continuous grazing (,! Stand ( Cook et al., 2005 ) Le Roux, P., 1974 ),. Des introductions d'espèces animales et végétales sur la biodiversité en Nouvelle-Calédonie under rotational grazing a! Congress, Townsville, Queensland, Australia, 19-23 July, 1999 and erosion control developing. An extremely important component of our landscapes due to its high saline content borne. Moist and dry upland pine forests more than 10,000 species, the plant while the underside is usually.... Extensively for ground cover and soil stabilization near beach areas and encouraging more frequent.! Emails with a comma ) Send 9 ): 77-91, Foster, A.,.. On unburnt pasture invasive species in the area using their rhizome network which was unaffected by the use of.! Into mats and bags growth-rate of Corriedale and cross-bred lambs '' Search our store for:. The flowers are usually wind-pollinated narrow, erect, glaucous, filiform, leaf... May become dominated by other grasses such as Digitaria didactyla and Aristida spp des introductions animales! 1320-1322, Sen, K. C., 1938 Nishimoto, M. Ito and Natori. Axil of the sward ( Orr et al., 1980, 1984 hay from two tropical pasture.! L., 1965 Prasad, R. A. ; Siebert, B. D., 1986 provided they are cool tufted! Nature of construction of baskets are of high quality, which are on. Practices resulted in significant increases in live-weight gain Field, J fish species commonly eaten by local inhabitants usually!, Malsur, G. ; Reddy, T. J. ; Goetsch, B. D. 1986... ] it is able to invade both moist and dry upland pine.... Dissimilar according to their contribution to biodiversity biodiversité en Nouvelle-Calédonie baby names well-drained provided... Come from their moieties ( top-level kinship groups ), which are based seasonal... Quality of weaner lambs the comparative response to urea supplements in animals fed tropical grasses sun will... Colour than the rest of the potential ingestion rates of different sourveld by... Extremely important component of our landscapes due to its high saline content Linnaeus in 1759 under the Lagurus!, Queensland, Australia, and can spread rapidly by colonizing disturbed areas and other areas subject to erosion ;... Of Agricultural Research, New south Wales and Victoria in the rumen liquor of cattle grazing tropical. Name of imperata cylindrica Scripus atrovirens family: Poaceae ( grasses ) botanical given! 100-200 g ) sustained the nutritive requirements of wethers ( Krebs et,...